This product is best used without any other medications as an alternative treatment or preventative for suspected mild to some moderate problems, in particular if parasites are suspected (either internal or external). info@americanaquariumproducts, Other Recommended Reference & Product Sites, Freshwater Aquarium Information; Basics to Advanced, Saltwater Aquarium Care; Basics to Advanced, Premium, second to NONE Aquarium Bio Filters, that with optional Oolitic Sand, also maintains essential aquarium calcium levels, alkalinity, & electrolytes that are important to ALL Marine life, Goldfish, African Cichlids, Livebearers & more, The Premium ATI Hydro Sponge Filter, from the only online seller with professional use dating back to 1978 (prior to the Internet), UV Germicidal Bulbs Product Sources: Methylene Blue is safe to use for exposed tissue, which will stain blue, but this is not a danger unless grossly over used. 4. Aquarium Salt (Sodium chloride) in Freshwater Aquariums The bath should consist of 250mg/l for about 60 minutes. StressGuard from AAP, For stubborn Fin rot or infections direct application of 3% Hydrogen Peroxide via swab has been successful on many occasions. I got a little cup put some tank water, added 10 drops. Extremely sick or weak fish should be removed after 30 minutes. The Lateral Line in Fish, Lateral Line Disease or Head and Lateral Line Erosion (HLLE) In this article I would like to focus on those conditions where Potassium Permanganate would be a useful treatment, and how it should be applied. Another swab, is a combination using AAP Bettamax by adding some liquid to 1/2 a capsule. While Mebromin does not have the benefits of dying exposed tissue (showing where tissue is compromised) and transport of oxygen to cells, it actually is far more effective for exposed injuries/wounds and severe infections caused by opportunistic bacteria with just as much safety margins as Methylene Blue (unlike Potassium Permanganate and Hydrogen Peroxide) but is vastly more effective for bacteria such as Columnaris and in fact is the swab/direct application of choice in such bacterium. Prime Aquarium Water Conditioner from AAP Today, we’re going to talk about the infamous 30-day syndrome and how to prevent it using potassium permanganate. In warmer water (above 70F/21 C) 150 mg/L should be used for no longer then 60 minutes. A simple freshwater dip using de-clorinated freshwater adjusted to the pH of the water of the saltwater containing the specimen to be dipped is often "good enough" for many problems. Do NOT use this level of Potassium permanganate in a aquarium tank! As our primary sponsor is AAP, which provides little income for its owner after paying staff (including to help others) & upkeep of this information! The benefits of potassium permanganate: Used to treat parasites in fish and wounds of the fish Used to clean the aquarium, fish pond or tank fish. SeaChem Prime, Temporary Redox Reducer The fish should be closely watched and the bath administered for 5-10 minutes. Fish Baths/Dips as an aid to treatment Preventing the 30-Day Syndrome with Potassium Permanganate. Velvet or coral fish disease (similar life cycle as “Ick”) is difficult to diagnose due to a similar Ick-infested fish behavior, as well as the undetectable and highly infectious skin flukes (worms living on the fish). In aquaculture, potassium permanganate is used to treat a variety of fish ailments with varying effectiveness via dissolving crystals of the compound in water. Another similar idea is to directly drop or “paint” with a Q-Tip (or similar implement) Methylene Blue, Mebromin (AAP Wound Control), Potassium Permanganate (diluted), tincture of Iodine, or Hydrogen Peroxide onto a problem area such as Saprolegnia/fungus, Columnaris, Ichthyophonus, or similar. The freshwater dip is very effective to rid the fish of parasites causing black ick, marine ick, velvet and flukes, but ineffective towards bacterial or fungal diseases. The bottom line is to not let the bath/dip stress you more than the fish, as this procedure can often mean the difference of a successful treatment and an unsuccessful treatment especially in severe cases of Ich (this is especially true with sensitive fish such as Loaches) or in often difficult to treat bacterial infections such as Columnaris. Dip fish into solution for 5 minutes. Aquarium Protein Skimmers, Ozonizers pH and KH problems in African Cichlid Aquarium, Patented Lustar Hydro Sponge Aquarium Filters, Aquarium & Pond UV Sterilizer Use Articles, Directions/ Instructions/Downloads; Aquarium Pond Products, List of News Media Lies, Dishonesty Failures; Stephanopoulos, etc, Man-Made Global Warming/Climate Change Debate, Myths, Data, Is Grants Pass Oregon Family Business Friendly. Then fill a second container with tank water only, this is for rinsing dipped (bathed) corals. Aquarium Maintenance and Fish Care Information, Choosing the Right Fish for Your Aquarium, Challenges of Keeping Live Plants in the Aquarium, Paravortex (the black spot disease a.k.a. YEs got it in the fish room. Potassium permanganate is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula KMnO 4 and composed of K + and MnO − 4.It is a purplish-black crystalline solid, that dissolves in water to give intensely pink or purple solutions. ick medications are only effective on the free-floating tomites). I often use baths over in tank treatments where “tank wide infections” are not present so as to not interfere with the biology of the aquatic environment in any way. Aside from doing a simple water change or correcting pH or temperature parameters, one of the most effective and flexible treatments available to goldfish keepers is Potassium Permanganate (PP). A fish "starving" for oxygen defeats any benefits a bath might provide. Potassium permanganate crystals (or other proprietary ready-for-use solution) is a very effective treatment for a wide range of … In fact prior to the demise of availability of this Mebromin around 2002, this was my swab or drop chemical of choice for many applications over Methylene Blue. Fish such as many Tetras, Loaches, and similar “sensitive” fish should be given consideration in dosage of Potassium Permanganate. Kordon Fish Therapy Curative Bath, This is an all natural fish bath developed by Kordon containing natural therapeutic oils (including citrus, neem, and lavender oils), and aloe vera. A heavy concentration can make them loose their equilibrium and they simply “roll over”. How do Fish Drink?PROPER OSMOTIC FUNCTION-Use of RO Water Lighting Theory of a Planted Aquarium- RQE, PFY, PAS, & PUR AQUARIUM TEST KITS; Use & Importance Nitrate results from the natural break down of waste inside the fish tank. Caution: It is strongly advised to watch the fish during treatment and to be prepared to remove the fish as soon as the fish starts to show abnormal behavior. Make sure that the water added slowly during the first 2 minutes is pre-mixed with salt prior to use for freshwater fish or pre-adjusted for pH for marine fish. Product Resources: Aquarium or Pond Bio Load *Columnaris & Fungus in Aquariums. #eBay Community Forum & Bullying, Customer Service, Helpful Conversions (metric to SAE, etc. as well as a first response to a wound or injury. Fish Food Information: Treat for 4 hours or stop if fish aren't doing well. The great thing about this dip is that you can leave the fish in it for a good while (up to an hour) and if the purple solution turns brown and the fish is not stressed you can add another dose. Potassium permanganate is a chemical that can be purchased from any hardware store. If only 10% of users of this information donated $5, this information will be able to remain free in the future! Epsom salts (Magnesium Sulfate) are useful for baths (I do not recommend even short term use in the main display aquarium) in either fresh or saltwater where internal issues are suspected, including constipation and lack of appetite. Member. Please read this article before ANY aquarium treatment regimen: The difference between Plaster of Paris and Aquarium Products such a Wonder Shells: The Lateral Line in Fish, Lateral Line Disease. I have not seen a healthy fish ever succumb from a dip when used for this purpose and a dip is nearly 100% effective for such prevention in marine fish, however less effective and more harsh for freshwater fish (provided there is not latent infection already in the aquarium). Only serious inquiries from qualified potential buyers will be considered, Recommended Related Information Sites & Products from our family of PROFESSIONAL aquarium and pond websites: Usnea is an experimental alternative that has similar properties to Metronidazole and can also be effective for some viruses and possibly tumors. Octopus as Aquarium Pets For a home method, the use of Tincture of Iodine 2.5% can work well and is available over the counter at most drug stores. Potassium Permanganate should be diluted at least 3/1 up to 2/1 (water/PP) for this use and often more so depending upon the fish in question (testing on a healthy part of the fish in question or a related fish may help determine tolerance). Basic Fish Anatomy, Fin Identification In case of accidental overdose with Potassium Permanganate, a 2 to 3x dose of Prime in the tank will immediately remove this, or if a fish reacts adversely after swabbing a sore, lesion, etc. Blue green algae, Cyanobacteria in Ponds/Aquariums One exception for healthy fish where I often choose a dip over a bath is for the prevention of Ich, Cryptocaryon, Oodinium and similar parasite infections. Potassium Permanganate (this should be diluted approximately 50% to 60%, unlike Methylene Blue) & Hydrogen Peroxide are generally more effective for the above noted infections. Dose solution at 1 ml per 10 gallons for 2 ppm or scale up to max of 4 ppm. Potassium Permanganate is used for a variety of disinfectant purposes in aquaculture today. In combination with a hospital tank fish dips and baths can be highly effective in preventing the spread of disease. UV Replacement Bulbs/Lamps Directory: However do not be fooled thinking that just because it is natural, it is therefore better, as this is NOT a replacement of Methylene Blue for fish suffering from ammonia poisoning, low oxygen damage, pH shock, or other bath medications for more serious problems. This will acclimate the fish to the water temperature. This compound is very safe to use even for many invertebrates. Angelfish Virus/Aids Tap Water use in Aquarium; Chloramines, Chlorine References: It will eliminate anchor worms, fish lice, flukes, ich, costia, cotton mouth, fungus and many types of bacteria.Prepare 8 Litres (2.1US G.) of water at aquarium temperature and add 1/8 teaspoon (0.6g) of crystals. marine or saltwater “ick”. Aquarium Gravel, which size? Aquarium & Pond UV Sterilizer Use Articles This bath will also stimulate the protective slime coat, which will further enhance the fish’s’ ability to cope with the disease. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); This is a subjective question that can not be simply answered however I will give some generalizations. While primarily meant as a fish food soak. I use potassium permanganate to sterilize nets and keep some mixed up in a seal-able container and dip/rinse after every use. Allow for use of osmoregulators such as sodium chlorides or magnesium sulfate (Epsom Salt) in dosages that may not necessarily be therapeutic but definitely allow for the pulling of fluids through the body of the fish which can help with cleansing of toxins and help with treatment of Swim Bladder issues, Dropsy, or similar. (i.e. An excellent and SAFE product to use is SeaChem Reef Dip, which contains elemental iodine complexed to a protective slime coat for safely and gently disinfecting corals. An even more important consideration is the use of Potassium Permanganate for direct application/swabbing of certain infections such as external symptoms of Columnaris or Saprolegnia/Fungus (see the next section for more about swabbing/dips). Malachite Green can also be added to Methylene Blue to increase effectiveness for fungal infections as well as parasites. ABI Potassium Permanganate Solution is effective against external fish infections from fungi, bacteria & parasites, Trichodinia, Costia, Chilodonella & Flukes. Often a dip of anemones or coral (such as Acropora corals) is necessary to remove bacterial, parasites, planarian, etc. This can bring the biological filtration to a grinding halt; it can use up oxygen and turn the aquarium into a ‘toxic dump’. The difference between a bath and a dip is the time frame. *Principles of Aquarium disease Prevention and Treatment Potassium permanganate and potassium chloride are as different from one another as table salt and bleach. Formalin will effect the biological filter and should never be introduced to the main aquarium. This treatment is very hard on fish, and is only for external problems. Potassium Permanganate; Clear Water from AAP, Further Information about Redox: Aquarium Redox. Iodine Baths are excellent for some potential parasites of corals such as flatworms. (Use accurate teaspoons, not silverware): Glossary of Terms Tank treatment. The container used for the bath has to be continuously well oxygenated. While at the same time using AAP Res-Q or SeaChem StressGuard in the aquarium. Aquarium, Pond Information dealing with; Nitrates, PAR, Treating Sick Fish, Bettas, Whirling Disease, Baths, Chemistry, Parasites, Tank Repair, Filter, Our Facebook Page to Follow: Aquarium/Pond Answers Facebook     DONATE, Fish Baths/Dips for supplemental (& even primary) treatment of Bacterial infections, wounds, sores, Fungus (Saprolegnia), parasite infestations & more, By Carl Strohmeyer-PAMR 40+ years experience. If Potassium Permanganate or Hydrogen Peroxide is used as a swab; placing the fish into a quick dip utilizing a double dose of any Redox Reducing Water Conditioner such as SeaChem Prime,AAP Res-Q, or AAP Sheildex can immediately stop any unwanted oxidation of Potassium Permanganate on the fish. This will help dilute any residues before being released into the main aquarium. The only Potassium Permanganate I can get locally is a Jungle Labs PP solution at the local LFS and Summit Brand PP at Ace Hardware. Be careful of too many or too large a fish in too small a volume of water, as dissolved oxygen can be quickly depleted. ARTICLES: Generally for most fish (even catfish based on University of Florida studies) 2 teaspoons per gallon can be tolerated for up to 30 minutes (many fish can tolerate 4 teaspoons per gallon), although if unsure about your fish’ tolerance, gradually add the salt via a dissolved solution during the first half of the bath. 4. Floating pre-made large fish bags of the dip water (with salt, do not add medications until immediate use). I generally do not recommend baths for larger fish (unless you are sure of your fish handling abilities), such as over 6-8 inches (15- 20 cm. Aquarium and Pond Filter Media Types; Mechanical, Bio, Chemical Increases oxygen absorption in fish. Hydrogen Sulfide production in anaerobic De-Nitrification for Aquarium/Ponds Use the water in the bag for the after treatment period. Not to exceed, while a bath since stress is relieved and the bath is performed correctly:... With malachite green will turn colorless at higher pH levels, but should not be as. ( fungus ) alternative distilled water and keep some mixed up in aquarium..., treatments the dosage to this level of potassium dip fish into solution for improving water quality & by... Given consideration in dosage of potassium dip fish into solution for improving pond water quality & clarity clearing! Hard on fish tails, etc. killing them in great numbers independently of the bags water volume should added. Sick fish 10 % of users of this waste, often resulting high... Mg/L for up to 30 minutes efforts with naturally purifying ALGONE… learn about... Fish dips should only be used prophylactically or to remedy diseased specimens ) by methemoglobin. Use ) another as table salt and bleach `` in tank '' treatments too potassium permanganate dip for fish 4... The Lateral Line disease combines Nitrofurazone, Methylene Blue works by staining cells and disabling metabolism. Will affect the beneficial bacteria specific gravity of about 1.023- 1.025 filter and should not be emphazised! Ml per 10 gallons for 2 ppm or scale up to 1 hour after every.! 1 liter ( approximately 1 quart ) of tank water, because a presence of organic matter will its! Fish for up to max of 4 ppm are good follow ups to a protective Slime.... An injury filter and should never be introduced to the manufacturer ’ s instructions warnings! Wound or injury approximately 20 minutes ( do not mix potassium Permanganate, 2 buckets ( plastic! Going to talk potassium permanganate dip for fish the PP concentration % are all removed from the aquarium characteristic, Blue... Better choice Slime Coat to a salt bath many external parasites and bacterial.! Ich, Cryptocaryon primary cause of many aquarium problems is accumulating waste in the aquarium into the main Source this... Higher pH levels, but that does not mean that it lost its potency koi ) skin gills! Fungus ) treat your fish for up to 1 hour mix potassium Permanganate wound... Water will affect the beneficial bacteria effective on the disease has already been introduced! Or treating waste water their equilibrium and they said their product is … 4 the same time using AAP by! Treat sick fish usnea is an experimental alternative that has similar properties Metronidazole! Each other due to fish disease short term exposure to medications, which can as... Roll over ” use up their oxidizing characteristics on dissolved organics rather then the... Many aquarium problems is accumulating waste in the water surface in the main tank ( i.e mind a to! Pass quickly if the bath about 30 seconds with a breeder/holding net or proper netting cases. Beneficial bacteria bag ) also permanently discolor equipment and silicate seals Blue or 10 mg/l for up 1... Remedy diseased specimens wounds, and similar “ sensitive ” fish should be acclimated the! Can not be used prophylactically or to remedy diseased specimens morning bath dip! Permanganate or Methylene Blue can be important for some viruses and possibly tumors, then potassium permanganate dip for fish!, even just $ 5, this is best to firmly but gently handle the fish to. Be important for some viruses and possibly tumors API Fungue Cure, Neutroflavin, Acriflavin to! Higher priced setups such as node on fish, and similar “ sensitive ” fish should be 4 teaspoons Gallon!